An extract from Slavorum’s full 7 great wonders of Bulgaria article:
Old Nessebar and old Sozopol
Nessebar is located on a small island, connected to the mainland by a 4 hundred meter long neck. It is only 30 km. away from the Black sea-port of Burgas. Nessebar is also one of the oldest cities in Europe and his rich architectural monuments from the middle ages.
The city is area of the old Thracian settlement of Mesamvria established in the second millennium BC. In 1956 the city acquired the states of architectural and urban reserve. It has impressive remains from an ancient fortressed wall, which gates dating from the third to the fourth century. It is also famous with rich churches from fifth and sixth centuries and from Middle Ages – from the tenth to the fourteenth century, which strikes us as a masterpiece of Bulgarian and Visantian architecture.
The unique atmosphere of the city is completed by 60 houses from the Bulgarian Renaissance, grouped in several locations. The ancient part of Nessebar is a cultural monument of a UNESCO list of Worlds Cultural Heritages. Sozopol is the oldest city on the Bulgarian Black sea cost. It is located 40 km. away from Burgas.
The first settlement was established at the end of the fourth and the beginning of the fifth century BC. Later Greek settlers from Asia Minor founded the city state of Apollonia. Apollonia was the biggest and richest city on the Black sea, the center of intensive trade and art. Nowadays Sozopol is one of the major tourist centers in Bulgaria. It combines ancient times and modernity.
More than 2 hundred houses dating from the middle of 18th century to the beginning of the 19th, and the narrow cobble stones contribute to the romantic image of the old city. It has numerous churches, monasteries and chapels.